Jasmine: A Fragrant Flowering Vine
Jasmine (Jasminum) is a genus of the Olive (Oleaceae) family, and with nearly 200 varieties they are available as a climbing shrub or climbing vine. You are probably aware of the distinct fragrance a Jasmine flower produces which adds to its popularity, but not all of the varieties are aromatic. The vining varieties can grow to 15 or 20 feet in height, and need a trellis or support structure. Jasmine shrubs also have the ability to climb, and will intertwine well with a trellis. The Jasmine plant is an evergreen and sometimes deciduous perennial, and enjoys sun and partial shade in moderately fertile well drained soil.
These easy to grow plants thrive best in USDA climate zones 8-11, and are fast climbers reaching heights of 20 feet with the help of a trellis. Jasmine enjoy the tropic and sub-tropic temperatures, and must be protected from extreme cold temperatures. If exposed during a cold spell and appears damaged, wait until the worst of the winter cold has passed and prune back the damaged growth. Even if the entire plant appears to be damaged, cut it down to ground level and cover the roots with mulch. If the plant survived, it will grow again in the spring and you should fertilize with a balanced blend to encourage new growth.
While Jasmine is hardy and thrives outdoors, a dwarf variety can also be grown indoors using a planter and a Trellis Works Freestanding Garden Planter Trellis or our small Trellisitos. They will grow best in a location which gets plenty of sun, and the bi-annually fertilized soil should be kept evenly moist but not soggy. Pruning and pinching during the dormant season will keep the houseplant size manageable.
The most common varieties of Jasmine bloom in spring and summer, and generally about six months after planting. The majority of the blooming varieties produce white flowers, but there are some with yellow or pink blooms. The striking scent of the Jasmine flower is most noticeable in the cool of the evening after the sun has set, which can bring a welcome fragrance during warm spring and summer nights. Most varieties are not poisonous, but the nectar of Yellow or Carolina Jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens) is poisonous with reports of it actually harming and killing bees. The fragrant oil is harvested from two species Jasminum Officinale and Grandiflorum, and used in high-grade perfumes and cosmetic products.
With so many varieties, Jasmine plants offer a grower many different looks and attributes to choose from. Take the time to select a species which will adapt well to your intended planting location, and then with minimal required care enjoy the beautiful plant expand and thrive. Jasmine grow wonderfully on any of our trellises, both single plane and 3D styles. Choose the Trellis Works trellis to help achieve your landscape design to enjoy for years to come. Get growing!